Sts. Felix and Adauctus
Martyrs at Rome, 303, under Diocletian and Maximian. The Acts, first
published in Ado's Martyrology, relate as follows: Felix, a Roman priest, and
brother of another priest, also named Felix, being ordered to offer sacrifice to
the gods, was brought by the prefect Dracus to the temples of Serapis, Mercury,
and Diana. But at the prayer of the saint the idols fell shattered to the ground.
He was then led to execution. On the way an unknown person joined him, professed
himself a Christian, and also received the crown of martyrdom. The Christians
gave him the name Adauctus (added). These Acts are considered a legendary
embellishment of a misunderstood inscription by Pope Damasus. A Dracus cannot be
found among the prefects of Rome; the other Felix of the legend is St. Felix of
Nola; and Felix of Monte Pincio is the same Felix honoured on the Garden Hill.
The brother is imaginary (Anal. Boll., XVI, 19-29). Their veneration, however,
is very old; they are commemorated in the Sacramentary of Gregory the Great and
in the ancient martyrologies. Their church in Rome, built over their graves, in
the cemetery of Commodilla, on the Via Ostiensis, near the basilica of St. Paul,
and restored by Leo III, was discovered about three hundred years ago and again
unearthed in 1905 (Civiltà Catt., 1905, II, 608). Leo IV, about 850, is said to
have given their relics to Irmengard, wife of Lothair I; she placed them in the
abbey of canonesses at Eschau in Alsace. They were brought to the church of St.
Stephen in Vienna in 1361. The heads are claimed by Anjou and Cologne. According
Chronicle of Andechs (Donauwörth, 1877, p. 69), Henry, the last count,
received the relics from Honorius III and brought them to the Abbey of Andechs.
Their feast is kept on 30 August.
Stokes in Dict. Christ. Biog., s. v. Felix (217); Acta SS., Aug., VI, 545; Stadler, Heiligenlexicon, s.v.
Suchen bei amazon: Bücher über Catholic Encyclopedia - Sts. Felix and Adauctus
korrekt zitieren: Artikel
Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek verzeichnet das Ökumenische Heiligenlexikon in der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie; detaillierte bibliografische Daten sind im Internet über http://d-nb.info/1175439177 und http://d-nb.info/969828497 abrufbar.