Bishop of Saragossa, date of birth unknown, d. at Saragossa c. 651. In 631 he
succeeded his brother John, whose archdeacon he had been, in the episcopal See
of Saragossa. His influence extended not only to the bishops, but also to the
Kings of Spain. In one of his letters (no. xxxvii) he urged King Chindaswinth
to appoint a co-regent in the person of his son Receswinth. To his insistence
with his friend Isidore of Seville, is due the inception and completion of the
Libri Etymologiarum. Braulio was present at the synods held in Toledo
in 633, 636, and 638. The members of the last-mentioned council selected him to
write an answer to Pope Honorius I, who had reproached the Spanish bishops with
negligence in the performance of their pastoral duties. Braulio in his letter
(no. xxi) cleverly and fearlessly defended the conduct of the Spanish episcopate.
Towards the end of his life, he complained bitterly of the loss of his eyesight.
He was buried in the church of Nuestra Senora Merced del Pilar, where his tomb
was discovered in 1290. His feast is celebrated in Spain on 18 March, while the
Roman Martyrology has it on the 26th.
Braulio is the author (1) of a life of St. Emilian (Æmilianus Cucullatus,
or San Millan de la Cogolla), a priest of the Diocese of Turiasso, now Tarazona,
and the writer of a hymn in honour of the same saint. (2) A collection of
forty-four letters, of which there is no mention in antiquity, was discovered
in the eighteenth century in the Spanish city of Leon. They form a valuable
addition to our knowledge of the history of Spain under the Visigoths and
were first published in the
Espana Sagrada of Florez (XXX, 1775). (3) The
division and titles of the
Etymologiarum Libri 20 of St. Isidore and a
eulogistic notice of the latter's life, together with an enumeration of his
writings, are also Braulio's work. This notice and catalogue he added to the
De Viris Illustribus of Isidore. It is found printed in Migne, P.L. (LXXXI,
15-17). (4) Braulio's authorship of the
Acts of the Martyrs of Saragossa
is usually admitted. He may also have written the
Passio S. Leocadiae.
His works are accessible in P.L., LXXX, 639-720.
GAMS, Kirchengesch. von Spanien (Ratisbon, 1862-79), I, 320-329, 344; II, ii, 145-149, 224-227; VENABLES in Dict. Christ. Biog., s.v.; CHEVALIER, Rep. bio-bib. (Paris, 1905), I, 692; Anal. Boll. (1905), XXIV, 153.
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