(Briocus, Brioc, or Bru).
A Celtic saint of Brittany who received his education in Ireland and then
studied under St. Germanus said to be the famous St. Germanus of Auxerre. Much
of what we read concerning his early years must be received with caution; indeed,
Ussher asserts that he was of Irish birth, but it is tolerably certain that he
returned to France early in 431, bringing with him St Iltud. Even before his
ordination to the priesthood, St. Brieuc worked several miracles duly chronicled
Acts (edited by F. Godefrid Herschenn), and after a short period spent
with his parents, he entered on his missionary career. In 480, he settled in
Armorica, and founded a monastery at Landebaeron. Thence he proceeded to Upper
Brittany where he established an oratory at a place ever since known as St.
Brieuc-des-Vaux, between St. Malo and Land Triguier, of which he was named first
bishop. Numerous miracles are cited in the
Acts, especially his cure of Count
Riguel, who gave the saint his own Palace of Champ-du-Rouvre as also the whole
manorial estates. Authorities differ as to date of St. Brieuc's death, but it
was probably in 502, or in the early years of the sixth century. He died in his
own monastery at St. Brieuc-des-Vaux and was interred in his cathedral church,
dedicated to St. Stephen. Baring-Gould says that St. Brieuc is represented as
treading on a dragon, or else
with a column of fire as seen at his
ordination. His relics were translated to the Church of SS. Sergius and Bacchus
of Angers in 865, and again, in a more solemn manner, on 31 July, 1166. However,
in 1210, a portion of the relics was restored to St. Brieuc Cathedral, where the
saint's ring is also preserved. The festival of St. Brieuc is celebrated on 1st
May, but, since 1804, the feast is transferred to the second Sunday after Easter.
Churches in England, Ireland, and Scotland are dedicated to this early Celtic
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