A Bishop of Ecija (Astigi), in Spain, at the beginning of the seventh century.
Like his brothers Leander and Isidore, two holy Archbishops of Seville, of whom
the first was older and the second younger than Fulgentius, he consecrated
himself to the service of the Church. A sister of the three was St. Florentina
(q.v.). Their father Severianus lived at first in Cartagena; he was a Roman, and,
according to later though doubtful information, an imperial prefect. Exact data
regarding the life of Fulgentius are wanting, as he is mentioned only
occasionally in contemporary sources. Leander, in his
Libellus on the
religious life written for his sister Florentina states that he has sent
Fulgentius back to his native town of cartagena, which he now regrets as he
fears that harm may befall him, and he requests Florentina to pray for him. What
the danger was to which Fulgentius was exposed we have no means of knowing.
Probably through the influence of Leander, who was made Archbishop of Seville in
the year 584 and who played an important part in the affairs of the Visigothic
kingdom, Fulgentius became Bishop of Astigi (Ecija), in the eccleslastical
province of Seville. As Leander died in 600 and Pegasius is shown to have still
been Bishop of Ecija in 590, we may safely assume that Fulgentius was chosen
bishop between 690 and 600; at all events he already occupied the see in 610.
Isidore, who succeeded to the Archbishopric of Seville upon the death of his
brother Leander, dedicated to Fulgentius
his lord, the servant of God, his
work on the offices of the Church,
De ecclesiasticis officiis. In fact it was
at the solicitation of Fulgentius that he wrote this account of the origin and
authors of the Church services i.e., of the Liturgy.
At the second synod of Seville (619), for which Isidore had assembled the
bishops of the province of Baetica, a controversy between the Bishop of Astigi
and the Bishop of Cordova regarding a church which was claimed by each as
belonging to a parish in his diocese was brought up for settlement; a commission
was appointed, and it was declared that thirty year's undisturbed possession
should constitute a legal title. Fulgentius attended the synod in person, his
name being found among the signatures to the Acts of the council. This is the
last event in the life of Fulgentius for which we have positive proof. In any
case, he died before the year 633, as one Marcianus is shown to have then heen
Bishop of Astigi. Fulgentius, like his sister and brothers, was reverenced as a
saint. In Spain his feast was celebrated on different days; in the
Sanctorum of the Bollandists it is on 14 January. He is frequently confused in
medieval writings with Fulgentius, Bishop of Ruspe; some works have also been
attributed to him, of which, however, no traces remain. It is said that long
after their deaths the bones of St. Fulgentius and those of his sister, St.
Florentina, were carried for safety into the Sierra de Guadalupe, and that in
the fourteenth century they were found in the village of Berzocana in those
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