The name of the son of Cain (Genesis 4:17, 18), of a nephew of Abraham (Genesis 25:4), of the first-born of Ruben (Genesis 46:9), and of the son of Jared and the father of Mathusala (Genesis 5:18 sq.). The last-named patriarch is the most illustrious bearer of the name.
At the time of the birth of Mathusala Henoch was sixty-five years of age,
the days of Henoch were three hundred and sixty-five years (Genesis 5:23). Instead
of the clause
and he died, added to the sketches concerning the other patriarchs,
the text says of Henoch:
And he walked with God, and was seen no more: because God
took him (Genesis 5:24). The inspired writer of Hebrews 11:5 adds:
By faith Henoch
was translated, that he should not see death. Sirach 44:16 and 49:16 intimates the
same truth about the patriarch. The Epistle of St. Jude (14-15) shows us Henoch in
the light of a prophet, announcing the judgement of God upon the ungodly. Some
writers have supposed that St. Jude quoted these words from the so-called
apocryphal Book of Henoch (See APOCRYPHA); but, since they do not fit into
its context (Ethiopic), it is more reasonable to suppose that they were interpolated
into the apocryphal book from the text of St. Jude. The Apostle must have borrowed
the words from Jewish tradition.
HAGEN, Lexicon Biblicum (Paris, 1907), II, 485 sq.; CHASE, Dictionary of the Bible (New York, 1900), I, 705.
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