Pope Bl. Innocent V
(PETRUS A TARENTASIA)
Born in Tarentaise, towards 1225; elected at Arezzo, 21 January, 1276; died
at Rome, 22 June, 1276. Tarentaise on the upper Isère in south-eastern France
was certainly his native province, and the town of Champagny was in all
probability his birthplace. At the age of sixteen he joined the Dominican Order.
After completing his education, at the University of Paris, where he graduated
as master in sacred theology in 1259, he won distinction as a professor in that
institution, and is known as
the most famous doctor,
Doctor famosissimus For
some time provincial of his order in France, he became Archbishop of Lyons in
1272 and Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia in 1273. He played a prominent part at the
Second Ecumenical Council of Lyons (1274), in which he delivered two discourses
to the assembled fathers and also pronounced the funeral oration on St.
Bonaventure. Elected as successor to Gregory X, whose intimate adviser he was,
he assumed the name of Innocent V and was the first Dominican pope. His policy
was peaceable. He sought to reconcile Guelphs and Ghibellines in Italy, restored
peace between Pisa and Lucca, and mediated between Rudolph of Hapsburg and
Charles of Anjou. He likewise endeavoured to consolidate the union of the Greeks
with Rome concluded at the Council of Lyons. He is the author of several works
dealing with philosophy, theology and canon law, some of which are still
unpublished. The principal among them is his
Commentary on the Sentences of
Peter Lombard (Toulouse, 1652). Four philosophical treatises:
De materia caelig;li,
De æternitate mundi,
De intellectu et
voluntate, are also due to his pen. A commentary on the Pauline Epistles
frequently published under the name of Nicholas of Gorran (Cologne, 1478) is
claimed for him by some critics.
Liber Pontificalis, ed. DUCHESNE, II (Paris, 1892), 457; CIACONIUS-OLDOINUS, Vitaelig; et res gestaelig; Pontif. Rom., II (Rome, 1677), 203-206; MOTHON, Vie du bienheureux Innocent V (Rome, 1896); BOURGEOIS, Le Bienheureux Innocent V (Paris, 1899); TURINAZ, Un pape savoisien (Nancy, 1901); SCHULZ in the New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia, V (New York, 1909), 504.
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