St. Ives, born at Kermartin, near Tréguier, Brittany, 17 October, 1253; died
at Louannee, 19 May, 1303, was the son of Helori, lord of Kermartin, and Azo du
Kenquis. In 1267 Ives was sent to the University of Paris, where he graduated in
civil law. He went to Orléans in 1277 to study canon law. On his return to
Brittany having received minor orders he was appointed
ecclesiastical judge, of the archdeanery of Rennes (1280); meanwhile he studied
Scripture, and there are strong reasons for holding that he joined the
Franciscan Tertiaries sometime later at Guingamp. He was soon invited by the
Bishop of Tréguier to become his
official, and accepted the offer (1284). He
displayed great zeal and rectitude in the discharge of his duty and did not
hesitate to resist the unjust taxation of the king, which he considered an
encroachment on the rights of the Church; by his charity he gained the title of
advocate and patron of the poor. Having been ordained he was appointed to the
parish of Tredrez in 1285 and eight years later to Louannee, where he died. He
was buried in Tréguier, and was canonized in 1347 by Clement VI, his feast being
kept on 19 May. He is the patron of lawyers, though not, it is said, their model,
Sanctus Ivo erat Brito, Advocatus et non latro, Res miranda populo.
Acta SS., May, V, 248; Life by DE LA HAYE (Morlaix, 1623); and by NORBERT (Paris, 1892); DANIEL, Monuments originaux (St-Brieux, 1887); Analecta Bolland., II, 324-40; VIII, 201-3; XVII, 259.
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