Suchen:

Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon

Hinweise zur Catholic Encyclopedia

St. Justus


Fourth Archbishop of Canterbury; died 627 (?). For the particulars of his life we are almost entirely dependent on Venerable Bede's Historia Ecclesiastica, the additions of medieval writers, such as William of Malmesbury or Elmham, possessing no authority. Justus was one of the second band of missionaries sent by St. Gregory the Great, the company which arrived in 601 to reinforce St. Augustine and which conveyed the relics, books, sacred vessels, and other gifts sent by the pope. It is not certain whether he was a secular priest or a monk. St. Bede is silent on the point and only later monastic writers from Canterbury claim him as one of their own order. In 604 he was consecrated by St. Augustine as first Bishop of Rochester, on which occasion King Ethelbert bestowed on the new see, by charter, a territory called Priestfield and other lands. Other charters in which his name occurs are of dubious authenticity. After the death of Augustine, Justus joined with the new Archbishop, St. Laurence, and with Mellitus of London in addressing letters to the recalcitrant British bishops, but without effect. During the heathen reaction which followed the death of Ethelbert, Justus was expelled from his see and took refuge in Gaul for a year, after which he was recalled by Eadbald who had been converted by St. Laurence. On the death of St. Mellitus (24 April, 624) who had succeeded St. Laurence as archbishop, St. Justus was elected to the vacant primacy. The letter which Pope Boniface addressed to him when sending him the pallium is preserved by Venerable Bede (H. F., II, 8). He was already an old man, and little is recorded of his pontificate except that he consecrated Romanus as Bishop of Rochester and St. Paulinus as Bishop for the North. His anniversary was kept at Canterbury on 10 November, but there is uncertainty as to the year of his death, though 627, the commonly received date, would appear to be correct, especially as it fits in with the period of three years usually assigned by the chroniclers to his archiepiscopate. He was buried with his predecessors at St. Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury, and is commemorated in the English supplement to the Missal and Breviary on 10 November.

BEDE, Hist. Ecc. Gentis Anglorum, I, 29; II, 3-16; CHALLONER, Britannia Sancta, II (London, 1745), 263; HOOK, Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury, I (London, 1860); HADDON AND STUBBS, Ecclesiastical Documents, III (London, 1878), 72-81; STUBBS, in Dict. Christ. Biog., S.V.; HUNT, in Dict. Nat. Biog., S.V.; BOLLANDISTS, Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina, I (Brussels, 1898-1899).




USB-Stick Heiligenlexikon als USB-Stick oder als DVD


Seite zum Ausdruck optimiert

Empfehlung an Freunde senden

Artikel kommentieren / Fehler melden

Suchen bei amazon: Bücher über Catholic Encyclopedia - St. Justus

Wikipedia: Artikel über Catholic Encyclopedia - St. Justus

Fragen? - unsere FAQs antworten!

Im Heiligenlexikon suchen

Impressum - Datenschutzerklärung



Aus: Charles G. Herbermann: The Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company, New York 1907 - 1912 - zuletzt aktualisiert am 00.00.2014
korrekt zitieren:
Artikel
Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek verzeichnet das Ökumenische Heiligenlexikon in der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie; detaillierte bibliografische Daten sind im Internet über http://d-nb.info/1175439177 und http://d-nb.info/969828497 abrufbar.

Sie könnnen sich mit Klick auf den Button Benachrichtigungen abonnieren und erhalten dann eine Nachricht, wenn es Neuerungen im Heiligenlexikon gibt:






Sollte hier eine Anzeige erscheinen, deren Anliegen dem unseren entgegensteht, benachrichtigen Sie uns bitte unter Angabe der URL dieser Anzeige, damit diese Werbung nicht mehr erscheint.
Lesen Sie vorher bitte unsere Erläuterungen auf der Seite Warum Werbung und wie sie funktioniert.