St. Nazarius and Companions
In the Roman Martyrology and that of Bede for 12 June mention is made of four
Roman martyrs, Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius, who suffered death under
Diocletian. Their names were taken from the
Martyrologium Hieronyanum, in the
Berne MS. of which (ed. De Rossi-Duschesne, Acta SS., Nov. II  ) we read:
Rom=E6, via Aurelia miliario V, Basiledis, Tribuli, Nagesi, Magdaletis, Zabini,
Aureli, Cirini, Nabori, Nazari, Donatell=E6, Secund=E6. The second name in the
list, Tribulus, is derived from a place-name, Tripoli, as is evident from the
Echternach MS., and those following it have also an African origin. In an
ancient itinerary to the graves of the Roman martyrs (De Rossi,
Sotterranea, I, 183) mention is made of a mortuary chapel of a martyr Basilides
on the Via Aurelia; he is another Roman saint whose feast is on 10 June. The
group of three Roman saints, Cyrinus, Nabor, Nazarius, to which was added later
Basilides, has in the
Sacramentarium Gelasianum (ed. Wilson, Oxford, 1894,
174-5) its special form of invocation in the Canon of the Mass. The date and the
circumstances of the deaths of these Roman martyrs are unknown. The bones of
Saint Nazarius and Nabor were transferred by Bishop Chrodegang of Metz to his
diocese (Mon. Germ. Hist., Script., II 268).
Acta SS., June, II, 511 sqq.; QUENTIN, Les martyrologes hist. du moyen-age (Paris, 1908), 51, 325, 373, etc.; URBAIN, Ein Martyrolog. der christl. Gemeinde zu Rom (Leipzig, 1901), 156 sq.
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