St. Peter Fourier
Known as LE BON PÈRE DE MATTAINCOURT, born at Mirecourt, Lorraine, 30 Nov.,
1565 died at Gray, Haute-Saône, 9 Dec., 1640. At fifteen he was sent to the
University of Pont-à-Mousson. His piety and learning led many noble families to
ask him to educate their sons. He became a Canon Regular in the Abbey of
Chaumousey and was ordained in 1589. By order of his abbot he returned to the
university and became proficient in patristic theology; he knew the
St. Thomas by heart. In 1597 he was made parish priest of Mattaincourt, a
corrupt district threatened with the new heresy. By his prayers, instructions,
and good example, religion was soon restored. Fourier did not neglect the
temporal interests of his parishioners; to help those who through ill-fortune
had fallen into poverty, he established a kind of mutual help bank. He
instituted three sodalities, of St. Sebastian for men, of the Holy Rosary for
women and of the Immaculate Conception for girls, or
Children of Mary. He
composed some dialogues which treated of the virtues opposed to the vices most
common among his people. These dialogues the children delivered every Sunday in
public. To perpetuate his work, Peter founded in 1598 an order of women, the
Congregation of Notre-Dame, who teach poor girls gratuitously. The institute
spread and with some modifications was introduced into America by the Ven.
Marguerite Bourgeoys (died 1700).
In 1621, by order of the Bishop of Toul, Fourier undertook the reform of the
canons regular in Lorraine who in 1629 formed the Congregation of Our Saviour.
Of this congregation he was made superior general in 1632. He wished his brother
canons to do for boys what his nuns were doing for girls. In 1625 Peter was
entrusted with the conversion of the Principality of Salm, near Nancy, which had
gone over to Calvinism. In six months all the Protestants, whom he called
strangers, had returned to the Faith, On account of his attachment to the House
of Lorraine he was driven into exile at Gray, where he died. In 1730 Benedict
XIII published the Decree of his Beatification, and Leo XIII canonized him in
BEDEL, La vie du Très Révérend Père Pierre Fourier, dit vulgairement, Le Père de Mettaincourt (1645); CHAPIA, Idea boni parochi et perfecti religiosi; VUILLIMIN, La Vie de St. Pierre Fourier (Paris, 1897).
Suchen bei amazon: Bücher über Catholic Encyclopedia - St. Peter Fourier
korrekt zitieren: Artikel
Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek verzeichnet das Ökumenische Heiligenlexikon in der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie; detaillierte bibliografische Daten sind im Internet über http://d-nb.info/1175439177 und http://d-nb.info/969828497 abrufbar.