Pope St. Pontian
Dates of birth and death unknown. The
Liber Pontificalis (ed. Duchesne, I,
145) gives Rome as his native city and calls his father Calpurnius. With him
begins the brief chronicle of the Roman bishops of the third century, of which
the author of the Liberian Catalogue of the popes made use in the fourth century
and which gives more exact data for the lives of the popes. According to this
account Pontian was made pope 21 July, 230, and reigned until 235. The schism of
Hippolytus continued during his episcopate; towards the end of his pontificate
there was a reconciliation between the schismatic party and its leader with the
Roman bishop. After the condemnation of Origen at Alexandria (231-2), a synod
was held at Rome, according to Jerome (Epist. XXXII, iv) and Rufinus (Apol.
contra Hieron., II, xx), which concurred in the decisions of the Alexandrian
synod against Origen; without doubt this synod was held by Pontian (Hefele,
Konziliengeschichte, 2nd ed., I, 106 sq.). In 235 in the reign of Maximinus the
Thracian began a persecution directed chiefly against the heads of the Church.
One of its first victims was Pontian, who with Hippolytus was banished to the
unhealthy island of Sardinia. To make the election of a new pope possible,
Pontian resigned 28 Sept., 235, the Liberian Catalogue says
Consequently Anteros was elected in his stead. Shortly before this or soon
afterwards Hippolytus, who had been banished with Pontian, became reconciled to
the Roman Church, and with this the schism he had caused came to an end. How
much longer Pontian endured the sufferings of exile and harsh treatment in the
Sardinian mines is unknown. According to old and no longer existing Acts of
martyrs, used by the author of the
Liber Pontificalis, he died in consequence
of the privations and inhuman treatment he had to bear. Pope Fabian (236-50) had
the remains of Pontian and Hippolytus brought to Rome at a later date and
Pontian was buried on 13 August in the papal crypt of the Catacomb of Callistus.
In 1909 the original epitaph was found in the crypt of St. Cecilia, near the
papal crypt. The epitaph, agreeing with the other known epitaphs of the papal
crypt, reads: PONTIANOS, EPISK. MARTUR (Pontianus, Bishop, Martyr). The word
mártur was added later and is written in ligature [cf. Wilpert,
und die Cäciliengruft in der Katakombe des hl. Kalixtus (Freiburg, 1909), 1 sq.,
17 sq., Plate III]. He is placed under 13 Aug. in the list of the
martyrum in the chronographia of 354. The Roman Martyrology gives his feast on
Liber Pontificalis, ed. DUCHESNE, I, Introd., xxiv sq., 145 sq.; DE ROSSI, Roma Sotteranea, ii, 73 sqq.
Suchen bei amazon: Bücher über Catholic Encyclopedia - Pope St. Pontian
korrekt zitieren: Artikel
Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek verzeichnet das Ökumenische Heiligenlexikon in der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie; detaillierte bibliografische Daten sind im Internet über http://d-nb.info/1175439177 und http://d-nb.info/969828497 abrufbar.