Several martyrs of this name are mentioned in the
Hieronymianum and in the historical Martyrologies of the early Middle Ages, and
the feasts of these saints are still to be found in the catalogue of saints of
the Roman Church.
(1) According to the legendary Acts of the martyrs St.
Maris and St. Martha, a Roman martyr Quirinus (Cyrinus) was buried in the
Catacomb of Pontian. However, the Itineraries to the graves of the Roman martyrs
do not mention him. His feast is celebrated on 25 March. Perhaps this Quirinus
is meant by the expression
Romæ sancti Cyri found in the
Hieronymianum of 24 March (cf.
Acta SS., III, March, 543 sqq.; Dufourcq
Gesta martyrum romains, I, 240). In the eighth century the relics of the martyr
were translated to the Benedictine abbey of Tegernsee in Bavaria.
(2) Another Roman martyr named Quirinus was buried in the
Catacomb of Prætextatus on the Via Appia. Both the name and the place of burial
are mentioned in the
Martyrologium Hieronymianum (ed. De Rossi-Duchesne, 52),
as also in the Itineraries to the graves of the Roman martyrs (De Rossi,
sotterranea, I, 180-1). His name undoubtedly appeared in the catalogue of Roman
martyrs of the fourth century under date of 30 April, which is the day that the
Martyrology of Jerome assigns him. He is introduced into the legendary Acts of
Sts. Alexander and Balbina, where it is said he was a tribune (Dufourcq, loc.
cit., 175). Ado took the name from these Acts and put it in his Martyrology
under date of 30 March, on which day it is now also found in the Roman
Les martyrologes historiques, 490). In 1050 the relics
of Quirinus were given by Leo IX to his sister Gepa, Abbess of Neuss. In this
way the relics came to the beautiful Romanesque Church of St. Quirinus at Neuss
which still exists.
(3) The relics of a third St. Quirinus, now in Rome,
were brought thither from Pannonia. This St. Quirinus was Bishop of Siscia, now
Sissek in Croatia, and suffered martyrdom in 309. He was thrown into the water
with a millstone about his neck and drowned. The genuine Acts of the martyrdom
of the saint are still in existence (Ruinart,
Acta mart., Ratisbon, 522), also
a hymn in his honour by Prudentius (loc. cit., 524). Upon the incursion of the
barbarians into Pannonia at the beginning of the fifth century the inhabitants
fled to Italy and took the bones of St. Quirinus with them. The remains were
taken to Rome and interred in a vaulted chamber near the Church of St. Sebastian
on the Via Appia (De Waal,
Die Apostelgruft ad Catacumbas an der via Appia,
Rome, 1894). His feast is observed on 4 June.
(4) The name of a martyr Quirinus, who is venerated in
Tivoli, is found in the present Roman Martyrology under the same date of 4 June.
There is no historical account of him; he is, perhaps, identical with one of the
martyrs of this name who are mentioned in the Martyrology of Jerome among groups
of martyrs under the dates of 12 March, 3 and 4 June. Under 4 June a Quirinus is
mentioned with a statement of the place
Nividuno civitate (Mart. Hieron., 31,
(5) At Malmedy, in Rhenish Prussia, is venerated a St. Quirinus. It is related that at the beginning of the ninth century his relics were translated to the abbey church there. According to the legend he was put to death, together with a companion Nicasius, in the pagus Vulcassinus (Vexin). No trustworthy historical reports of him exist. His feast is observed on 11 October.
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