St. Arbogast has been claimed as a native of Scotland, but this is owing to a
misunderstanding of the name
Scotia, which until late in the Middle Ages
really meant Ireland. He flourished about the middle of the seventh century.
Leaving Ireland, as so many other missionaries had done, he settled as a hermit
in a German forest, and then proceeded to Alsace, where his real name, Arascach,
was changed to Arbogast. This change of name was owing to the difficulty
expdrienced by foreigners in pronouncing Irish Christian names; thus it is that
Moengal, Maelmaedhog, Cellach, Gillaisu, Gilla in Coimded, Tuathal, and Arascach
were respectively transformed into Marcellus, Malachy, Gall, Gelasius, Germanus,
Tutilo, and Arbogast. St. Arbogast found a warm friend in King Dagobert II of
Austrasia, who had been educated at Slane, in Meath, in Ireland, and was
restored to his kingdom on the demise of King Childeric II. Monstrelet
authenticates the story of King Dagobert in Ireland; and the royal exile
naturally fled to Slane in order to be under the ægis of the Ard-Righ
(HighKing) of Ireland, at Tara. On Dagobert's accession to the throne of
Austrasia, Arbogast was appointed Bishop of Strasburg, and was famed for
sanctity and miracles. It is related that the Irish saint raised to life
Dagobert's son, who had been killed by a fall from his horse. St. Arbogast died
in 678, and, at his own special request, was buried on the side of a mountain,
here only malefactors were interred. The site of his burial was subsequently
deemed suitable for a church. He is commemorated 21 July.
GRATTAN FLOOD, Irish Saints; BOSCHIUS in Acta SS. (1727), July, V, 168-177; BURGENER, Helvetia Sancta (1860), I, 56-58; Hist. litt. de la France (1735), III, 621-622; POSTINA, in Römische Quartalschrift (1898), XII, 299-305; Analecta Bolland., XVIII, 195; Bibl. hagiogr. Lat. (1898), 106, 1317; O'HANLON, Lives of Irish Saints, VII (21 July); WATTENBACH, Deutschlands Geschichtsquellen, 6th ed.; GRANDIDIER, Hist de l'église de Strasbourg (1770), I, 199.
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