Father Damien (Joseph de Veuster)
Missionary priest, born at Tremeloo, Belgium, 3 January 1840; died at Molokai, Hawaii, 15 April 1889.
His father, a small farmer, sent him to a college at Braine-le-Comte, to prepare for a commercial profession; but as a result of a mission given by the Redemptorists in 1858, Joseph decided to become a religious. He entered the novitiate of the Fathers of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and Mary at Louvain, and took in religion the name of Damien. He was admitted to the religious profession, 7 Oct. 1860. Three years later, though still in minor orders, he was sent to the mission of the Hawaiian Islands, where he arrived, 19 March, 1864. Ordained priest at Honolulu 24 May of the same year, he was later given charge of various districts on the island of Hawaii, and, animated with a burning zeal, his robust constitution allowed him to give full play to the impulses of his heart. He was not only the missionary of the natives, but also constructed several chapels with his own hands, both in Hawaii and in Molokai.
On the latter island there had grown up a leper settlement where the
Government kept segregated all persons afflicted with the loathsome disease. The
board of health supplied the unfortunates with food and clothing, but was unable
in the beginning to provide them with either resident physicians or nurses. On
10 May, 1873, Father Damien, at his own request and with the sanction of his
bishop, arrived at the settlement as its resident priest. There were then 600
As long as the lepers can care for themselves, wrote the
superintendent of the board of health to Bishop Maigret,
they are comparatively
comfortable, but as soon as the dreadful disease renders them helpless, it would
seem that even demons themselves would pity their condition and hasten their
death. For a long time, however, Father Damien was the only one to bring them
the succour they so greatly needed. He not only administered the consolations of
religion, but also rendered them such little medical service and bodily comforts
as were within his power. He dressed their ulcers, helped them erect their
cottages, and went so far as to dig their graves and make their coffins. After
twelve years of this heroic service he discovered in himself the first symptoms
of the disease. This was in 1885. He nevertheless continued his charitable
ministrations, being assisted at this period by two other priests and two lay
brothers. On 28 March, 1889, Father Damien became helpless and passed away
shortly after, closing his fifteenth year in the service of the lepers.
Certain utterances concerning his morality called forth Robert Louis
Stevenson's well-known philippic against the Rev. Dr. Hyde, wherein the memory
of the Apostle of the Lepers is brilliantly vindicated. In addition a
correspondence in the
Pacific Commercial Advertiser, 20 June, 1905, completely
removes from the character of Father Damien every vestige of suspicion, proving
beyond a doubt that Dr. Hyde's insinuations rested merely on misunderstandings.
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