(Greek form of the Hebrew name meaning
reward of God).
The name designates in the New Testament a Pharisee and celebrated doctor of
the Law. Gamaliel is represented in Acts, v, 34 sqq., as advising his
fellow-members of the Sanhedrin not to put to death St. Peter and the Apostles,
who, notwithstanding the prohibition of the Jewish authorities, had continued to
preach to the people. His advice, however unwelcome, was acted upon, so great
was his authority with his contemporaries. We learn from Acts, xxii, 3, that he
was the teacher of St. Paul; but we are not told either the nature or the extent
of the influence which he exercised upon the future apostle of the Gentiles.
Gamaliel is rightly identified with an illustrious Jewish doctor of the Law, who
bore the same name and died eighteen years before the destruction of Jerusalem.
In the Talmud, this Gamaliel bears, like his grandfather Hillel, the surname of
the Elder, and is the first to whom the title
our master, was
given. He appears therein, as in the book of the Acts, as a prominent member of
the highest tribunal of the Jews. He is also treated as the originator of many
legal ordinances; as the father of a son, whom he called Simeon, after his
father's name, and of a daughter who married the priest Simon ben Nathanael. The
Jewish accounts make him die a Pharisee, and state that:
When he died, the
honour of the Torah (the law) ceased, and purity and piety became extinct. At
an early date, ecclesiastical tradition has supposed that Gamaliel embraced the
Christian Faith, and remained a member of the Sanhedrin for the purpose of
helping secretly his fellow-Christians (cf. Recognitions of Clement, I, lxv,
lxvi). According to Photius, he was baptized by St. Peter and St. John, together
with his son and with Nicodemus. His body, miraculously discovered in the fifth
century, is said to be preserved at Pisa, in Italy.
Talmud of Jerusalem; Photius, Bibliotheca, Cod. 171; Taylor, The Sayings of the Jewish Fathers (Cambridge, 1877); Fouard, St. Peter (tr., New York, 1893); Le Camus, L'oeuvre des Apôtres, I (Paris, 1905).
Suchen bei amazon: Bücher über Catholic Encyclopedia - Gamaliel
korrekt zitieren: Artikel
Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek verzeichnet das Ökumenische Heiligenlexikon in der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie; detaillierte bibliografische Daten sind im Internet über http://d-nb.info/1175439177 und http://d-nb.info/969828497 abrufbar.